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Black Mold


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The scientific name of this greenish-black mold breed is Stachybotrys Chartarum. It grows on moist surfaces and hidden damp areas. With continuous exposure to moisture, it takes 9 to 12 days for it to grow. If there are suitable conditions, it can then spread rapidly. Homeowners may find it in bathrooms, basements, kitchens, and hidden spaces. 

Black mold is an infamous toxic mold because of the production of mycotoxins. Such toxins are known to destroy the immune and respiratory systems. 

The spores are known to cause itchiness on the eyes and skin. You may also sniffle and sneeze. Long-term mold exposure can lead to many health concerns for both children and seniors. 

It is advised to remove and isolate your family members once you notice the growth of black mold in your home. 

Areas You Can Find Black Molds

Typically, black molds are found in high-moisture areas. This is probably due to a water leak or unattended standing water. Black mold growth is encouraged if the water damage remediation is done improperly. Here are some common places you can find black mold;

  • Around windows
  • On and below carpets
  • Under subflooring
  • Inside walls and drywall
  • On the roof trusses or the attic
  • Within the building’s foundation
  • In bathtubs and showers
  • In cabinets and under the sinks

It is recommended to pay attention to old bedroom windows. This is because your children can contact them without their knowledge. You can mistake them with other similar types of mold-like aspergillus mold.

What are the Signs of Black Mold in Your Home?

This is important for those residing in moisture-prone areas. You can smell and see the mold infestations in your home. Also, it can be noticed through the change in the health conditions of your family members. Here are some of the signs and symptoms;

  • Mildew smell or musty odor
  • Water stains and leaks
  • Visible mold growth signs on the surfaces
  • New respiratory problems with the family members
  • The sudden upshot of allergy symptoms in the home

Sometimes people still find it hard to acknowledge black mold growth with these symptoms. This is because they are similar to other common illnesses. Families need to practice regular checks and be keen to spot the signs.

Dangers Associated with Black Mold

The dangers may vary between different people depending on the amount and time of exposure. People who have underlying health issues are more susceptible to developing serious infections.

Any amount of black mold should be dealt with immediately. Often removal of small amounts is considered a precaution. This should be done even if all the family members are healthy. 

Also, black mold spores can cause severe allergic reactions. Here are some of the health issues caused by black molds;

  • Itchy eyes
  • Skin rash
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing and runny nose
  • Accelerated asthma symptoms
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Itchy ears

Some symptoms show you have been exposed to black mold for a long time. They include;

  • Memory loss
  • Ongoing headaches
  • Mood changes
  • Nose bleeds
  • Dizziness
  • Concentration troubles

How to Remove Black Mold?

Black mold should be removed almost immediately after discovering it. Most of the time, this job should be entrusted to the experts. You can take the DIY route if the mold coverage area is small. Nonetheless, you have to be careful. Here are a few tips to help you;

  • Make sure you are using protective equipment like gloves, masks, respirators, rubber boots, and goggles.
  • Mold-free objects around the area should be removed, while the moldy objects should be discarded
  • Opening doors and windows increase the ventilation
  • Fix the leaks to deal with the moisture problem. Fans and dehumidifiers should also be used.
  • Nonporous surfaces can be cleaned using ammonia, fungicide, or bleach to remove the black mold
  • The affected area should dry properly before being used again.

If the black mold growth is widespread and beyond your means, call in a specialist. The experts will contain the room limiting the spreading of black mold spores to other rooms. They also have the proper tools and techniques to ensure no more black mold growth. 

How to Prevent Growth of Black Mold

If you have suffered a black mold infestation, take the right steps to prevent any more growth. You do not want another similar experience. This involves limiting the conditions under which the black mold thrives. Here are some of the tips;

  • Try to keep the humidity levels inside the house under 60%
  • Regularly dry the moisture-prone areas in the house like window sills
  • Do not leave a water damaged area untreated
  • Water Issues like leaks should be addressed immediately
  • Indoor air circulation should be improved using fans, exhausts, or opening doors and windows

Black mold infestation is an undesirable experience for anyone. For proper exhaustion of black molds, hire a professional. When hiring the mold removal company, check whether it is IICRC-certified. This will help you avoid recurring black molds by using quality experts. Protect your family members too from this toxic mold breed.

Southern California Restoration

The Southern California Restoration content team is made up of multiple contributors, writers, and editors. We are your resource hub for anything related to water damage, mold and restoration needs that you may be challenged with facing.